Depending on the land, building size, configuration and soil structure of your property and its particular drainage needs, there are a number of different drainage systems that can be installed. Determining the most suitable system for your property is a simple task that can easily be performed by the DIY handyperson, but for any system to work well a few key factors must first be taken into consideration.
- Soil Testing
Knowing the soil composition of your property is important for finding the right solution. Is the property sandy loam, boggy clay, compacted rock or perhaps littered with sharp stones? Each scenario will require a different drainage approach to but having a basic soil test completed will help point you in the right direction.
- Pipe Placement
It is important to always lay drainage pipes on a bed of sand or gravel and be sure that they divert the flow well away from building foundations in order to keep them dry and stable. Any earthworks or excavation over which the drainage pipes will be laid should already have been previously compacted. Better yet, try and run the pipes across ground which has been undisturbed by excavation if at all possible.
Covering the pipes too soon in a build and compacting the soil afterwards can lead to bending or fracturing the pipes as the weight of the soil compresses them. The ground beneath the pipes should not have any hollows or depressions or the pipe will be forced into this gap by the weight of the topsoil. This is why it is crucial to lay a bed of sand or gravel beneath any drainage pipes.
- French Drain System
There are a few different types of drainage systems but they are generally built from common components. A ‘French Drain’ is a subsurface system comprised of a pipe with slotted holes designed to allow water to seep into the sand and gravel below it. There is no outlet or trap where water is diverted to as this system is designed to work with soil that is able to absorb and disperse any run off. These systems often include a fitted sleeve of permeable fabric over the pipe that stops silt or fine sand from entering the system and blocking it.
- Gullies and Traps
Drainage gullies and gully traps have long been a part of the standard drainage systems used in modern plumbing and can be purchased from a reliable source at www.totalpipes.co.uk.
These components serve to divert water away and keep the surrounding land dry and free from pollution and even disease. These are used to drain footpaths, driveways and walkways where larger volumes of water runoff can collect and would otherwise cause problems by washing away topsoil or pooling and accumulating in the surrounding area.
Drainage is also necessary to divert waste water from sinks, bathrooms, toilets and washing machines away from the home and into a network of pipes that ends up in a treatment plant to be returned to waterways and oceans. All these components can easily be purchased so checkout their online catalogue.
- Surface Water and Grey water
Older properties may have been set up to allow both surface water and foul water to be diverted away both forms of waste water channelled into the same plumbing. Rain water and waste water, which is sometimes called grey or foul water, should ideally be channelled into two different systems.
With these facts in mind and a little preparation it should be simple to find the perfect solution to your plumbing requirements.